Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an interactive psychotherapy technique used to relieve psychological stress. It is an effective treatment for trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

During EMDR therapy sessions, you relive traumatic or triggering experiences in brief doses while the therapist directs your eye movements.

EMDR is thought to be effective because recalling distressing events is often less emotionally upsetting when your attention is diverted. This allows you to be exposed to the memories or thoughts without having a strong psychological response.

Over time, this technique is believed to lessen the impact that the memories or thoughts have on you.


Traumatic Incident Reduction is an evidenced based, highly structured method for permanently eliminating the negative effects of past traumas. The roles are different in TIR: the therapist is the facilitator, the client is the viewer, and the event is viewed from outside the client. The process results in the client reaching an end point and feeling good. Sessions usually last from 60-90 minutes and the number of sessions needed depend on individual circumstances, but usually 6-12 sessions.